Grenada Forest Policy Development Process

Main organization: Forestry Department within the Ministry of Agriculture of Grenada. Governmental partner agencies: the Land Use Division, the Fisheries Division, the National Parks Division of the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Finance of Grenada, the Ministry of Health and Environment, the Ministry of Education of Grenada
and the Ministry of Carriacou and Petit Martinique Affairs of Grenada. Other partner agencies: Productive Farmers Union, Agency for Rural Transformation (ART), Logger / Furniture Manufactures, Board of Tourism, Grenada Community Development Agency (GRENCODA), Hunting and Fishing Associations, NAWASA (Water and Sanitation).

Description

The process of developing forest policy in Grenada has been modified to include wide stakeholder participation. Deforestation, soil erosion and natural resource degradation occurred within and outside the boundaries of designated forest reserves. The Department For International Development Forestry Project commenced in September 1997 as a result of Forestry Department staff members recognizing that forest management involved more than the production of timber in forest reserves. The project also entailed managing the use of forest lands that fall under several legal categories. The Forest Policy Process Development Committee made every effort to ensure that all interest groups and the general public were involved in the process, which consequently created a strong sense of ownership of the policy. Cooperative arrangements were negotiated through public consultation and participation, semi-structured interviews, meetings facilitated by the Forest Policy Committee, radio call-in programmes and questionnaires.

Issues Addressed

• Freshwater resources (Chapter V of the Barbados Programme of Action)
• Land resources (Chapter VI of the BPoA)
• Biodiversity resources (Chapter IX of the BPoA)
• National institutions and administrative capacity (Chapter X of the BPoA)

Results Achieved

• Stakeholders participated in the process of developing forest policy.
• The Forest Policy and a ten-year Strategic Plan by the cabinet were developed and approved.
• The National Parks Department was transferred from the Ministry of Tourism to the Forestry Department in the Ministry of Agriculture.
• An annual cooperate plan by all units within the Forestry Department and the National Parks Department was devised.
• The survey of two areas designated as forest reserves, Annandale and Morne Gazo, was completed. Activities for surveying Mt. Saint Catherine for forest reserve designation have begun.
• Four officers are receiving training at the degree level. A number of short courses were made available to many.

Lessons Learned

Stakeholder participation in any undertaking should never be underestimated. Because of public consultation and participation in the Forest Policy Development Process, stakeholders greatly contributed to the success of the process. People were empowered as their opinions and suggestions were incorporated into the forest policy. Having ownership of the Forest Policy made stakeholders more interested and supportive in making its implementation a success.

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