Pamplona Travel Guide

The city of Pamplona

The city of Pamplona is the capital of Navarre, Spain. It is situated by the Arga River and is contemplated to be a tranquil tourist’s destination. Pamplona was earlier pronounced as Pampeluna, and has always been an important hub for industrial and agricultural sectors. From craft to chemical, there are huge opportunities for the locals to rely on, in terms of occupation.

The old traditions are well blended with the modernity of the present day, and the harmony of both aspects is appreciated by the residents and the visitors. The city was founded by a Roman general in 75 BC, but the kingdom of Pamplona came into existence by the 10th century. From the 5th to the 9th century the ancient city of Basques had been captured and re-captured by the Visigoths, Franks and Moors. However, none of the conquerors had established the gigantic walls of the city. The foundation of the Basque kingdom happened in 824, and that was when the Pamplona received its distinctive identity. It remained the capital city till 1512, after which Ferdinand V united a huge area of Navarre with Castile. The Peninsular War led to a situation, where Pamplona was taken over by the French in 1808, and again by the British in 1813.

The city still retains the deep-rooted traditions and those are vividly explored by the visitors. The streets and squares of the historic quarters are well preserved. There are numerous monuments and buildings dominated by the medieval walls, which make each and every spot look more and more intriguing.

The present route of the ‘Way of Saint James’, had been established in the 11th century, under the control of Sancho III el Mayor. This infrastructure improved the connectivity within the cities of Navarre and influenced their appearance and historical significance.

Visiting the city of Pamplona would give you the feeling of medieval districts. The Plaza Consistorial square is situated in the heart of the city and it holds the eminent Baroque façade of Town Hall. The fortifications retain a 15th century Gothic Cathedral which everybody owes at. There are important celebrations like that of San Fermin, where bulls are set free to run and people can participate in the risky adventure.