- 1 Old Town of Caceres:
- 2 Arco de la Estrella:
- 3 Iglesia Concatedral de Santa Maria de Caceres (Santa Maria Church-Procathedral):
- 4 Museo de Caceres (Museum of Caceres):
- 5 Plaza Mayor of Caceres:
- 6 Old Jewish Quarter of Caceres:
- 7 Palacio de Los Golfines de Abajo (Palace of Los Golfines de Abajo):
- 8 Palacio de Carvajal (Palace of Carvajal):
- 9 Torre de Bujaco (Bujaco tower):
- 10 Iglesia de San Francisco Javier (Church of San Francisco Javier):
Old Town of Caceres:
Old Town of Caceres features centuries of conflict, through the winding streets and architectures. They tell have long stories of victories and conquests, and every part in linked to another. They sum up to the heritage that the city has maintained till today. As a tourist, you get to the best of the city, from the Old Town itself.
While you gaze at the Roman walls, you get to see the imposing towers which date back to 12th century. These we established by the Almohads. There are 30 famous towers established by the Moors, out of which the most renowned Bujaco Tower, is situated at the epicentre of Old Town and main plaza. There are historic houses and sites to see, at every turn in the Old Town. The best highlights would include Procathedral of Santa María and Gothic Palace of Los Golfines de Abajo. Head to the Plaza de Santa María from here and see the Carvajal Palace. This was originated in between 15th and 16th century and hosts the tourists to go through the entire area.
Arco de la Estrella:
The dramatic entrance to the city would bring you to Arco de la Estrella. This has replaced the New Gate building during the 15th century. It gets you into Plaza Mayor and Plaza de Santa Maríam and both the hubs have been present here for centuries.
This had been made in Baroque style and was constructed by Manuel de Larra Churriguera in the 18th century. The arch which was worked on was present from the 15th century, and that facilitated the way to the main city. The wall was perforated and then recreated, although it still retains the imprints of battlements. At the back, there is a temple and a statue featuring Our Lady of the Star.
This gate is the most important gate of the Monumental City, which is why your visit here becomes a compulsion! It was chosen by a Catholic Queen to swear about the Jurisdictions and privileges, and those are followed since 1477. This is often referred as the New Gate because it was the last gate constructed in the city.
Iglesia Concatedral de Santa Maria de Caceres (Santa Maria Church-Procathedral):
This Gothic building has three naves and they happen to be the oldest structures of the city. This is because it includes the Romanesque remains, which was present in the previous construction. The vaults have been rubbed off and the altar uses the Plateresque style in monochrome. As you enter inside, you get to see an excellent choir, which include stalls and pulpit of Gothic architecture. The sacristy reflects Plateresque traces and then leads to the Diocesan Museum. The key attraction here is the black crucified Christ, which dates back to the Romanesque period.
Museo de Caceres (Museum of Caceres):
This museum is located within two buildings, and they are Casa de Los Caballos and Casa de Las Veletas. Casa de Los Caballos exists from the 16th century while the other one remains from Moorish times. The museum homes testimonies from the initial settlers, right up to the inclusion of contemporary art. The museum has highlights which you can quickly go through, and that would include, stones from the Bronze Age, oriental treasures and remains of boards of Iron Age, Mosaics from Roman times and the latest ethnographic collection of art in Spain!
Plaza Mayor of Caceres:
This square uniquely emerged in the 12th century, due to an annual fair that got different multitudes of people together! By the 15th century, the area was amidst arcades with semicircular arches, and they were supported by stone pillars. It happens to be one the biggest squares in Spain and is perfect to give you a traditional feel among the busy people around. The famous gate of Arco de la Estrella is located just in front.
Old Jewish Quarter of Caceres:
There are two Jewish Quarters in Caceres – New and Old Jewish Quarters. The old one is referred to the Broken District which has uneven lands. It is located just behind the Palacio de las Veletas, which is next to the city ramparts, and also between a famous cathedral and various noblemen’s houses! It reflects the ancient times when the Jews had arrived and settled here. Their existence is traced from the city fuero or legal charter, presented in 1229. Many guides might also add that the Jews were believed to have been here during the reign of Roman emperor Titus.
Palacio de Los Golfines de Abajo (Palace of Los Golfines de Abajo):
One of the beautiful places which bring out the richness of Caceres is surely this palace. It was used as a residing place to the Catholic Monarchs. It is one the finest mansions which boast of the architectural grandeur of the city. It includes a Gothic structure and Plateresque decoration done on the fortress-houses in the 17th century. The towers have different proportions since they are taller on the right and shorter on the left. There is a semicircular arch in the façade and is has crested at the sides too. There are two windows above, and one of them has another semicircular arch, while the other one is grilled.
Palacio de Carvajal (Palace of Carvajal):
This famous building had been constructed between 15th and 16th centuries. It had been used for Gothic and Renaissance elements. The most beautiful part that would attract you would be the façade. It is made in the style of cacereños palaces with granite blocks. The cover is emphasised by the semicircular arch. There is a shield of Carvajal which is framed in a rectangular and a corner balcony which has a pointed arch. As you go inside the house, you get to see a rectangular cloister with columned arcades. The round tower is another highlight to see. It was built in the 12th century and there are some interesting frescoes in it. The garden includes fig trees, and the interior has green spaces which can mostly be found in such structures here.
Torre de Bujaco (Bujaco tower):
After Caceres was reconquered in 1170, by Ferdinand II of León, they had a huge congregation in the city. On the other hand, this tower included the troops which took over the city by 1173. They tower was to serve the soldiers of Order and that was their defence area. It was named after the troop, Caliph Abú-Ya’qub. The tower served as a Clock Tower between 16th and 17th centuries. It is one of the most beautiful towers to reflect Moorish styles in Caceres. It is open to the public at present and you can spend some time around it.
Iglesia de San Francisco Javier (Church of San Francisco Javier):
Baroque style that was used in churches and schools by Jesuits, determines most of the structural appearance in this historic area. This church has a beautiful façade, with a semicircular arch. There is a niche sheltering the famous image of San Francisco Javier, and that is flanked by two square towers with a pyramid top. There is single nave in the interior, along with side chapels and cupola. The main altarpiece includes Corinthian columns, which frame a canvas representing ‘Miracle of the Crab’. Since this site is located in Plaza de San Jorge, you can always take some time out and visit that too. It will give you the exposure of another square at Caceres.