Salamanca’s Plaza Mayor
This is one of the most remarkable squares in Spain. It had been constructed in the Baroque style with sound plan of Alberto Churriguera. As you get to the northern side of the City Hall, you will see a Baroque building which has five granite arches along with a steeple. They are decorated with allegoric figures and stand out due to its beauty. The square lets you enjoy the bustling city life and brings out the blend of ancient and modern day.
Casco Antiguo (Old Town)
This happens to be the Old Town of the city, and is the reason why the city had been declared a World Heritage Site. It was difficult to mark out a few buildings, which is why Salamanca is referred to a UNESCO World Heritage City itself! From the highlights of the University to the Plaza Mayor, Old and New Cathedral, Casa de las Conchas, convent of San Esteban and Senior schools, you get to most landmarks to look about, in this area!
Old Cathedral and New Cathedral
There are two significant Cathedrals, one which was constructed in 12th-13th centuries and the other one during the 16th century. The old one was made in Romanesque style and has an outstanding Gallo Tower. A part of it was decorated in the 15th century, and was covered by the works of several painters, reflecting mural paintings. The visitors get enchanted by the beautiful tombs of the bishops’ and other noble personalities.
New Cathedral had been completed by the 18th century, and houses a famous image of the Virgin of the Assumption. It was carved in 1626 by renowned sculptor Esteban Rueda. Another beautiful aspect would be the Baroque retro-choir which contains Renaissance images, like the Virgin of Loreto and the ones of Saint John the Baptist.
This is the earliest Modernist building of the city, which was created in 1905. It is a museum which houses series of decorative art, which dates from the beginning of 19th century to 20th century. You would get to see over 2,500 pieces which includes glass painting, porcelain figures, statues made of gold and ivory, furniture, jewels, toys, etc. The records of Catalonian artists from the city of Salamanca are stored here too.
Universidad de Salamanca
One of the most important attractions of the city is this University which had been founded in 1218. It was the first one to be constructed in Spain. It had been inspired from the Bologna in Italy. It was the initial place for learning during the Middle Ages. They had recognized the Copernican system, even when the churches didn’t believe that it was true. Tourists are allowed to come to the existing University because it is considered as an important site to see. Admire the incredible façade and walk through the area to make the most of its beauty. From the entrance doorways to the pilasters, there is a lot to observe and sink in!
Historians are stated that this bridge was first constructed by Marcus Ulpius Traianus, in 1st century A.D. The bridge crosses the river at a wide point and then opens to the rocky subsoil. It has been gifted with 26 semicircular arches and strong pillars. It links Merida with Astorga through the Plata Roman road. Reason to choose to come here is to experience the reconstructed bridge which might have been one of the oldest remains of the city.
Casa de las Conchas
This is also called the House of Shells, and was built in Gothic style. It had begun from 15th century and that made some inclusion of Renaissance and Mudejar elements too. Travelers are attracted to the civil building as it is covered with three hundred shells. It did suffer some cracks during the 18th century, which needed remodeling of the upper part. As you enter you would see that the entrance door is coated with Gothic arms, and is decorated with lilies above. You also get to see the Salamanca public library which it houses today.
Convento de la Dueñas
The Dominican nuns had founded this convent in 1419, and Moorish style had been incorporated to design it. The front is pointed with an arch and has a magnificent tiling thereafter. The church was established by the middle of the 16th century. Visitors enjoy seeing the single pointed nave along with Plateresque façade!
Huerto de Calixto y Melibea
It is a small landscaped area which gives beautiful views of the Tormes. It is known to be the place where Fernando de Rojas had started meeting the protagonists, stated in an excerpt of the novel ‘La Celestina’. As you enter the garden you will see a statue which represents most popular matchmaker of Spanish literature.
Convento de San Esteban
This is another convent which reflects the Dominican monastery. The façade includes the front of the Church and is just beside the monastery portico. They boast the finest styles of Plateresque. It then unfolds abundant decoration which has been inspired from Italian renaissance loggias. Take some time out and ask your guide about the variety and differences of architectural styles you get to explore.