Mallorca is the largest island in the Balearic Island chain and boasts diverse landscapes, rich gastronomy and an expansive history. The island is nestled off the coast of Spain, in the Mediterranean Sea. It is the largest of the Balearic Islands and is a popular destination for holidaymakers. Mallorca is the most visited of the Balearic Islands and sees most of its tourism coming from Germany and the United Kingdom. The Spanish Royal Family often vacations in Mallorca and stays at the Marivent Palace, their summer home.
It is not known when Mallorca was founded, but there are traces of settlements as far back as 6000-8000 B.C. Much like the other islands in the Balearic Chain, Mallorca has been conquered time and time again from the likes of early Phoenicians and Arabs to Romans and inevitably Spain. Mallorca benefits from this in terms of culture, food and history. The island still has many relics and buildings from its past, such as the ruins of the Roman city of Pollentia which is on the northern part of the island in Alcudia.
Due to its location, Mallorca has a Mediterranean climate. The island sees hot and dry summers, and mild, stormy winters. The island’s mountains can receive some snow in the winter, and they generally see much more precipitation year round. The yearly average temperature for Mallorca is 21.8 Celsius, with its hottest month being August when the temperature averages 29.8 Celsius. The weather in the summer allows crowds to flock to the island’s beaches, of which it has over 200.
Mallorca’s coast is full of beautiful white, sandy beaches and turquoise water, but it also has a rocky side. On the northern part of the island where the water meets the shore are steep rocky cliffs.
The island has two mountains ranges, Serra de Tramuntana and Serres de Llevant. As noted, the weather in the mountains can be different from the rest of the island. Serra de Tramuntana has the highest peaks on the mountain and can experience some snow in the winter. Many tourists visit the mountains for their beautiful hotels and scenic views. The Serra de Tramuntana has been awarded world heritage status by UNESCO.The centre of the island is composed of plains which are where most of Mallorca’s agriculture occurs.