Zaragoza, also pronounced as Saragossa, is the capital of Zaragoza province and is the leading city for Aragon. It is situated by the river of Ebro and happens to be an important centre for commerce and communication. The area is mostly fertile and a lot of people work in the agricultural sectors. Other than that, people concentrate on manufacturing vehicles, machinery, food processing, paper processing and wood products.
Emperor Augustus had named this area Caesarea-Augusta, and that reflects its ancient origin. It was later occupied by the Goths, in the 5th century, and the Moors in the 8th century. The Moors established it to be an independent emirate on 1017. In 778, it was attacked by Charlemagne but the Moors expelled instead. In 1118, the area had been conquered by Alfonso I of Aragón, and he established the city as his capital. One of the most prominent events in the history of this city is about its success to survive under Palafox, against the French army in Peninsular War. The city withstood the first siege in 1808 but had to surrender after losing around 50,000 people in the second siege.
This city has strength in forms of art and culture. The rich work of art, which has been preserved over the years, reflects the Moorish influences. There are two famous cathedrals, La Seo, which was constructed and reconstructed between a 12th and 16th century and the other one is El Pilar. La Seo was a Mosque which was later converted into a cathedral, while El Pilar was named after a holy pillar located close to the Virgin. It is said to have appeared in a vision to St. James the Greater, after which the establishment came into consideration. This building includes frescoes of Velázquez and Goya. There is a famous castle of Aljafería which was first inhabited by the emirs and later taken over by the kingdom of Aragon. There is a famous exchange building referred at Lonja, and there is also an eminent stone bridge preserved from the 15th century. San Antonio de Padua is a modern church which holds the remains of Italian soldiers who were killed in the civil war between 1936 and 39.
As a traveller, what will entice you the most, is picturesque of landscapes among these monuments and historical remains. It will make your journey remarkable and give you moments to cherish forever.