Staying in Córdoba means visiting all the historic germs around. Albolafia mill is a giant wooden mill placed in a way to use force of water to grind flour during the Moorish era. Travelers can witness Roman temple of Córdoba, here are remains of temple which was built during the later part of 1st century. It was discovered IN 1950’s.
Less known but a beautiful church, “Palacio de la Merced”, also known as Palace of Mercy was once convent of La Merced Calzada. Now it is used by the provincial government of Córdoba. Córdoba Synagogue was built in the year of 1315. This sacred Jew edifice carries the Moorish architectural style to the next level.
Another highlight of the city definitely is the Alcazar de los Reyes Cristianos. If you’ve watched Alladin you can probably imagine what kind of luxuries palace an outstanding king would long for. You can find this fantasy becoming reality in Cordoba. This was the home of King Alfonso XI, leader of Castalia and Leon. The palace has a variety of the most extinguishing terraces, and walking around between the lush plants and pieces of nature combined with a drop of water spatting from the enormous garden fountain might give you an idea what it’s really like walking around like a King in Spain. Be sure to visit on Friday because then access to the palace and its gardens is free.
Something you definitely shouldn’t leave unnoticed is the variety of local Hookah bars spread out over the city. Even if you’re not a big fan of smoking, paying a visit to one of these atmospheric and cozy local gathering places is recommended. Sipping some Moorish hot water from typically designed Spanish tea cups will add some lightness to your stay and make sure you’re well and relaxed before heading over to the next ancient building placed on your visiting list.
- 1 The Great Mosque – Cathedral of Córdoba /Mezquita
- 2 Puente Romano – Roman bridge of Córdoba
- 3 Cordoba’s Jewish Quarter and Synagogue – Judería de Córdoba
- 4 Palace of Viana – Palacio de Viana
- 5 Galeria de la Tortura / inquisición – Museum of Inquisition
- 6 Fernandina churches / Iglesias Fernandinas de Córdoba
- 7 Triumphs of Saint Raphael
- 8 Other religious venues
- 9 Parks and gardens:
The Great Mosque – Cathedral of Córdoba /Mezquita
This is an iconic structure built around 8th century or more specifically: 785. Situated in the southern part of Spain, called Andalucía, It is hailed as one of the most eccentric and beautiful mosques in Spain. Cathedral of Córdoba is a UNESCO world heritage site.
On the alteration of the mosque after converting it to a church, King Charles V response to it sounded like this: “they have taken something unique in the entire world and destroyed it to build something you can find in any city”.
Puente Romano – Roman bridge of Córdoba
Being an arch bridge built in the first century A.D by the Romans, it remained cities only bridge for the upcoming 20 centuries. The bridge is built over the Guadiana River. The original length of the bridge was 755 meters with 62 spans. Now it is reduced to 60 spans and 721 meters, which makes it quite a lot smaller. The structure is one of the few medieval bridges that are still alive today. Only pedestrians have been allowed to cross the bridge since 1991, making it illegal to use it by car.
Cordoba’s Jewish Quarter and Synagogue – Judería de Córdoba
Córdoba is a small city netted with narrow streets. Out of that emerges the Jewish quarter or Córdoba. The beauty of these streets is magnified with the presence of uniquely decorated homes, shops, eateries, restaurants, cafes, museums, tapas bars etc. The quarter is living tale of Jewish culture that once flowed through the veins of the city from 2nd century until their expulsion from Spain in 1492. Once again it is visible how much of an impact was made by the presence of various religions throughout history.
Palace of Viana – Palacio de Viana
Built in the 14th century and once being a palace, Museum of Marquis of Viana showcases amazing collection of paintings, furniture’s and statues along with well polished ceramics kept safe after Marquis of Viana left the city. The Palace also holds crockery’s used at the time. The gallery is known around for hosting crockery’s from an Indian company and also from Berlin.
Galeria de la Tortura / inquisición – Museum of Inquisition
Spain has its roots dipped deep into the art of torture. Situated in the heart of the Jewish quarter, this museum is a portal to the time when inhumane way of punishment and tools were used to extract information out of enemies and spies. The dark era of torture spanned from 13th century to the 19th century, and was very normal until this very time in history.
Fernandina churches / Iglesias Fernandinas de Córdoba
A surprising finding that you can add to your list of must-sees is the collection of Fernandina churches. These were built primarily after the 13th century and served the purpose of renewing the already existing religious gathering places. By that time these existed primarily of mosques, and after the renewal, all of them became Christian churches. An interesting fact about the churches is that by the time they were built, they weren’t only used as gathering places for religious followers, but were also used as general administrative centers for the city. Some of the churches that have remained and are absolutely worth a visit are:
- San Pedro
- San Miguel
- Santa Maria Magdalena
- San Lorenzo
- San Pablo
- San Nicolas de la Villa
- San Juan y Todos los Santos
- San Agustin
- San Andres
- Church of Santiago
- Santa Marina de Aguas Santas
Triumphs of Saint Raphael
Something that will strike you visiting the big highlights of this historical city is scattering statues of Archangel Raphael. These are placed along certain landmarks like the Roman Bridge, Puerta Del Puente and Plaza Del Potro. Archangel Raphael is an Archangel of both Christianity and Judaism. He’s the figure standing for healing.
Other religious venues
Being the diverse metropolis that it is, Cordoba consists of a significantly bigger assemblage of religious structures than most cities. With his background and rich history, other impressive architectural buildings have been left in the city, some carrying great purpose. Here are a few of them:
Convent of Santa Cruz
Santa Cruz is a convent that is currently no longer in use. However, it was the first convent ever after the Reconquista in the late months of 1265. It was located on top of a mosque and had a total of around 8 nuns. It’s notable that the convent has changed its name many times throughout history, being first called Santa Catalina, the convent became Santa Clara. Of the time of the Tribute the name changed again, and this time Santa Isabel was chosen. After this happening the convent got a permanent name and it changed to the title it holds till this very day.
Convento de Santa Marta
This convent was founded in the 15th century and it is linked to the female branch of the Hieronymites. The building is characterized the naves covered by cross vaults exposing more attention to the piece on the altar, which was constructed in 1582. The roof of the church also consists out of vaults, and the complex is enclosed with a short wall.
Parks and gardens:
Parque de Miraflores
If you want to pay a visit to magnificent collection of greens and added design, you’ll need to head over to the south bank of the cities’ river Guadalquivir. Notable about Parque de Miraflores is that it has been designed especially by Juan Cuenca Montilla, a Spanish architect, which created an assemblage of terraces.
Jardines de la Argicultura
Consisting of various little fountains and one bigger one near the bottom, the Jardines de la Agricultura are a wonderful tropical resting place. The garden is filled with loads of different sculptures, something you also see in the city itself. Some of these sculptures are for example the sculpture of musician and composer Julio Aumente, the bust of Mateo Inurria and the sculpture of Julio Romero the Torres.
Parque Cruz Conde
This Park is recognizable because of its outstanding style namely; the English garden style without any added barriers.
Jardines de la Victoria
Being the most important park in the city, the Jardines de la Victoria have two renovated building inside of them that are completely new. Something you can also find while visiting this magnificent piece of nature is the Modernist style fountain from the end of the 1900’s. At the northern side of the park you can find a pergola in neoclassical style which holds an exhibition hall and café.
Parque de la Asomadilla
Last but not the least we have the second largest park of Cordoba: Parque de la Asomadilla. This park has an acreage of more than 26 hectares and consists of plants which represent the Mediterranean forest vegetation. A few of these plants are for example; oaks, olive trees, hack berries and pomegranates.