The Caribbean, which has mostly been referred to West Indies, has over 7,000 islands in its periphery. Out of these, 13 islands are independent countries, and some are dependent on countries overseas. In addition to this, there are numerous coral reefs, islets and cays, which might or might not be inhabited by people.
Geographically the islands are situated on the Caribbean Sea, and all of them are close to the south-east of Gulf of Mexico, north of South America and east of Central America and Mexico. Some of the cays, reefs and islets border the main islands from these places. Bahamas and Turks and Caicos aren’t a part of Caribbean, but their geographical and political associations with the Caribbean Islands records them just like other islands.
At early 15th century, the population of Caribbean had been estimated to be around 900,000 indigenous people just before the European touch. When Italian explorer, Christopher Columbus, began exploring in 1492, it was the first time, for Europeans to venture into the Caribbean. He had landed at the eastern Bahamas and reportedly named it ‘Indies’. This was because he thought it was Asia and East Indies.
Numerous explorers followed the path and then started settling here from America, Europe, China and some more countries like India. In this mix, some religious outcasts and a small army of pirates were included too! Across the Caribbean, African slaves were imported for working in sugar and tobacco plantations. By this time, the indigenous populations at the islands started declining. This was due to the exposure of diseases and also due to brutal genocide. Great military powers kept fighting to have their control on the islands, and it finally boiled down to a mixture of African and European culture. The languages transformed, and the large group of islands started bringing people close to one another. Today, it is one of the prime tourist destinations in the world, and you can never have enough of it!
Climate of Caribbean:
Winters are a great time to come to these islands because people like to escape the extreme cold in the north. Tourism booms from the middle of December and goes right through April. The weather, this time, comes with slight rainfall, with about 80mm at the most. Two drawbacks which can shift your tour to some other time would be crowds and expense.
The shoulder season to tour is late spring when the weather is milder at north. The weather is warm with slight rainfall but the islands are less busy. The temperature is about 20 to 30 degree Celsius and travellers get a great discount for accommodation.
If the weathers are hot in the north, the Caribbean vacation decreases quite a lot. This makes June to August, their offseason for visits. It rains heavily during these months but when it is clear, it is sunny and bright. It day temperature usually stays over 30 degree Celsius but reduces at nights.
From June to November, the islands are prone to hurricanes. A lot of locals shy away from this season even though all areas are not equally affected. Planning a trip to the Caribbean at this time will need you to be specific about where you go. The southeastern region has less of hurricanes, while southwestern and northeastern have most. Tripping during these months can be risky, but the risk-takers are benefitted with unbelievable touring rates, out and about the islands.
People have been flying to Caribbean Islands, over the last few decades, to enjoy their amenities. Visitors frequently come on cruise ships, or by air, and spend their vacation in any of the main islands they want. Caribbean boasts of its palm trees, turquoise waters and white sand beaches. It is at most times, blessed with the sunshine and the climate stays favourable to tour. Visitors who come here, want to come back again, as they can never have enough of the jungle-covered rocks, beaches, flora and fauna, activities and the historical surprises they are acquainted with.
There is nothing subtle about the landscapes of these islands. When you walk on the beaches, your toes will touch the perfect sand, as you look at the heavenly picturesque around. When you hike through the emerald wilderness, you can spot some red orchids and yellow parrots. The colours are infectious from the time you step in. The birds shed their dull plumage, and the travellers leave their grey and black clothes, at the wardrobe. Swimming below the waters would take you by some colourful darting fishes and corals. The beach bars are coloured like paint factories have exploded, and you add some more to the ambience with a glass of rum in your hand. The islands look like a colour palette which gleams up the experience for every local or visitor.
Main Islands to tour the Caribbean:
Planning a trip to the Caribbean Islands will give you numerous places to choose from, so we have listed the main islands to make your choice simpler. As you go through the descriptions, it will give you a rough idea of what you can expect when you get there. These come with the best attractions and amenities, which make your trip worthwhile. The main islands in the Caribbean are as follows:
- Antigua and Barbuda
- British Virgin Islands
- Dominican Republic
- Netherlands Antilles
- Puerto Rico
- Saint Kitts and Nevis
- Saint Lucia
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- Trinidad and Tobago
- United States Virgin Islands
You get all types of island adventure here, and when you get to choose from so many options, you know you have a variance to the beaches, flavours and cultures. You cannot ask for more from a beach paradise with the loveliest sands, party-like resort atmospheres, remotes areas to explore and unveiling the centuries-old culture. You might also possibly discover the inner pirate in you, so getting your trip planned now!