Energy Resources

Small island developing States are heavily dependent on imported petroleum products, largely for transport and electricity generation, and they are also heavily dependent on indigenous biomass fuels for cooking and crop drying. This is likely to continue in the short to medium term, however the efficiency of such use can be greatly increased through appropriate technology and national energy policies which promote more economic and environmentally beneficial energy use. Several constraints to the large-scale commercial use of renewable energy resources remain, including technology development, investment costs, available indigenous skills and management capabilities. The basic principles and specific actions that are required at the national, regional and international levels to support sustainable development in small island developing states in the area of energy resources are outlined in Chapters 7 of the BPoA and MSI.

Currently, thirteen SIDS are members of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), and there are eight signatories to the Treaty. At the global level, the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) has initiated SIDS DOCK, a collective institutional mechanism to address the current heavy reliance of national energy sectors on imported fuels and inefficient technologies within SIDS.