Tuvalu is a formation of atolls along with a group of low-lying islands, located in the South Pacific. It forms the 4th smallest country in the world and is a pretty neat place to tour through. During the British Colonial times, this place was called Ellice Islands. The current name translates as ‘cluster of eight’. This is because, even though there are 9 islands right now, the smallest one of Niulakita was inhabited by humans at 1949. It is believed that the ancestors of these islands were mostly from Samoa, and some came from Tonga and Wallis. Most of them were Polynesian settlers, except for Nui – where people descended from Kiribati.
The islands here are flat and hardly go over 15 feet. Funafuti, Nui, Nukufetau, Nukulaelae and Nanumea are five atolls, which are large circular columns made of corals, and they rise vertically from the sea bed. These form reefs and the coral islands occur where the corals go above high tide level. Apart from the coral islands, you will come across large lagoons which are also enclosed within the reefs. They are both natural and man-made. There are islets at Funafuti, which occurred when the American forces extracted material for the runway, during World War II. You get flights to Tuvalu land at Funafuti, and we assume that you’d want to get here, especially if you are new to the destination.
There are four more islands, apart from the atolls, and they are pinnacles of land which rose from the seabed. Some of these have salt-water ponds in the interior, and some like Nanumea are famous for a fresh-water pond, which is rare among atolls. Most lands are covered with coconut palms, and to sum up, you get the best of an island experience here.
Climate at Tuvalu
The climate at Tuvalu is hot tropical, with very little variation during the seasons. The Easterly trade winds make the weather slightly moderate, which lasts from March to November. The westerly gales come with heavy rain for the rest of the year. The islands aren’t prone to much of natural hazards but since they are at a low level, they are sensitive with the sea level alteration. The average annual temperature is about 30° Celsius with 3535mm of rains. The best time to visit this place is from March to November, which frees it from the heavy rains.
Tuvalu sinking is one of the major concerns in the area. It is predicted to be one of the first countries to be washed away due to global warming. Tuvalu tourism is all about making the most of the places till they survive.