Tonga

Location

Nukuʻalofa
Tonga
21° 10' 0.12" S, 175° 11' 60" W
Capital City: 
Nuku'alofa
Languages: 
Tongan, English
Category: Social
Indicator 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source
Net enrollment ratio in primary education 96.099999999999994 95.40000000000001 98.5 MDG Database
Seats held by women in national parliament, percentage 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.1 UN Stats (MDGs indicators)
Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) 99.019999999999996 World Bank
Category: Land
Indicator 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source
Agricultural land (1000 Ha) 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 31 31 FAO
Forest area (sq km) 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 World Bank
Forest area (% of land area) 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 World Bank
Category: Tourism
Indicator 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source
International tourism receipts (% of total exports) 7 7 6 10 13 15 16 Development Data Group, The World Bank. 2008. 2008 World Development Indicators Online. Washington, DC: The World Bank. Available at: http://go.worldbank.org/U0FSM7AQ40.
Category: Demographics
Indicator 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source
Country population 98,587 99,102 99,749 100,475 101,205 101,879 102,495 103,066 103,566 103,967 World Bank
Population annual growth 0.357684 0.521022 0.650741 0.725191 0.723922 0.663767 0.602818 0.555554 0.483953 0.386445 World Bank
Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births) World Bank
Category: Indices
Indicator 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source
HDI - Human Development Index 0.651 0.663 0.67 0.671 0.673 0.675 0.677 UNDP International Human Development Indicators - Calculated based on data from UNDESA (2009d), Barro and Lee (2010), UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2010b), World Bank (2010b) and IMF(2010a).
Category: Economy
Indicator 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) 3,450 3,580 3,830 3,960 4,080 4,130 4,310 4,390 4,540 4,570 World Bank
ODA received as % of GNI 12.13 15.08 14.77 15.91 9.66 15.17 8.86 11.79 9.61 UN Stats (MDGs indicators)
Workers remittances (current US$) 53,000,000 66,000,000 55,820,000 67,581,000 65,970,000 72,003,000 99,548,000 99,548,000 UN Data
Category: Energy
Indicator 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source
Electric power consumption (kWh) World Bank
Combustible renewables and waste (metric tons of oil equivalent) World Bank
Fossil fuel energy consumption (% of total) World Bank
Category: Climate Change and Sea-level Rise
Indicator 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source
Carbon dioxide emissions (CO2), thousand metric tons of CO2 (CDIAC) 121 139 143 176 172 172 172 176 MDG Database (CDIAC Data)
Category: Freshwater
Indicator 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source
Improved water source (% of population with access) 100 100 100 World Bank
Category: Biodiversity
Indicator 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected 2.52 2.53 2.53 2.53 2.53 2.53 2.53 2.53 2.53 2.53 UN Stats (MDGs indicators)

Coming soon.

Country Strategies: 
Title Programme Name Programme Description Year
Disaster management Strategy - Tonga Joint National Action Plan on Climate Change Adaption and Disaster Risk Management 2010-2015 2010
Energy Strategy - Tonga Tonga Energy Road Map 2010-2020 2010
UNFCCC Nat Comm - Tonga The Kingdom of Tonga's initial national communication in response to its commitments under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Strategy Description 2005
NBSAP - Tonga Fourth Report Review of Tonga National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan Strategy Description 2010
NSDS - Tonga Social Aspects of Sustainable Development in Tonga, 2002 2002
Bill | 15 Jul 2013
12 July 2013: The Pacific Regional Preparatory Meeting for the Third International Conference on Small Island Developing States (SIDS) adopted the Nadi Draft Outcome Document, which will represent the Pacific region's contribution to the Inter-regional Preparatory Meeting for the 2014 Conference. The meeting, held in Nadi, Fiji, from 10-12 July 2013, was the second of three regional meetings in preparation for the Conference, which will take place in Apia, Samoa, in September 2014....
Bill | 27 Aug 2012
PREPARED BY OHRLLS   SUMMARY The 2012 Third World Summit on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), saw 36 representatives and heads of state from Small Island Developing States (SIDS) take to the floor during the Plenary Session to deliver statements on a range of issues of importance and relevance to them. Of the 36 SIDS representatives, 10 were Heads of State while 10 were Heads of Government making up 26% of the 77 Heads of State and Heads of Government who addressed the Plenary...
20 May 2013 | SIDS Policy and Practice
9 May 2013: The first SIDS DOCK Pacific Regional Meeting reviewed the current work of the first phase of the SIDS DOCK Support Programme and discussed its next phase. SIDS DOCK is an initiative developed by small island developing States (SIDS) for SIDS to promote renewable energy, energy efficiency, and contribute towards sustainable development with support from the UN Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank. The meeting, which took place in Nadi, Fiji, from 6-9 May 2013, was...
External Resources: 

Coming soon.

National focal point for sustainable development: 
Central Planning Department