The Federated States of Micronesia comprises of 607 islands, which is spread over a million square miles of the Pacific and lies between Indonesia and Hawaii. Only 65 islands have human inhabitance and the four states of Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae have distinctive cultures, sceneries, and tourism facilities. Most visitors come here due to the world-class dive sites and beautiful landscapes. They also take an interest in their captivating ancient cultures.
Spain colonized both Micronesian and Polynesian inhabitance, around early 17th century. In 1898, Germany bought these nations from Spain. The Japanese had invaded and occupied in 1914, however, the American forces seized the nations during World War II. On 2nd of April, 1947, the United Nations Security Council established ‘Trust Territory’ for the Pacific Islands. At this time, Northern Mariana, Marshall Islands, and Caroline came under US administration.
The islands have witnessed a rough past, which took the time to attain independence. But regarding present developments and tourism facilities, it is marching towards betterment. English is their official language, while there are eight more indigenous languages spoken here. Their legal currency is US dollars, and large resorts, hotel and diving shops accept credit cards.
The average temperature of Micronesia is around 26 degree Celsius. They get heaviest rainfalls during late spring and early summers. Pohnpei is one of the rainiest places in the world, and you should avoid travel during that time. June to December marks the time for typhoons. To sum up, the best months for visits is from December to March. Both rainfall and humidity are relatively lower, while the cold northeast trade-winds make the place pleasant.
The landscapes of the islands are diverse. On one hand, you’d get to see high mountains and on the other, you’d see flat coral atolls. You would also witness rugged volcanic outcroppings and several waterfalls. Sokehs Rock is a prominent cliff face at Pohnpei and tourists go hiking with guides. This island homes natural swimming pools, freshwater streams, and falls. Kosrae is a great option with the diversity of pristine sandy beaches, lakes, streams, gorges, valleys, grasslands and mangrove forests. There is an abundance of tropical vegetation as well, with the richness of orchids, hibiscus, plumeria, bananas and coconut.
Peeping onto the cultural side, the people of Yap are famous for their ancient culture. They still wear traditional clothing woven with grass skirts. Women are usually spotted wearing these, while men prefer bright loincloths. Visitors take an interest in their limestone ring-shaped money, addressed as ‘rai’. Moving towards the north of Yap, you can get to the Beychal Cultural Center which exhibits their arts and culture. There is a stone city called Nan Madol in Pohnpei Island, and it once inhibited by 100 artificial islands within one lagoon. This famous spot is accessible by a boat, and there are companies to provide organized tours and boat trips. The oldest remains of Lelu Ruins in Kosrae prevails from the 12th century. Tourists get a glimpse of their lifestyle through the houses, tombs, streets and walls.
Micronesia is wealthy with underwater attractions which bring in divers from all over the world. You would get to see World War II wrecks of the entire Japanese fleet off at Chuuk, while you see the massive manta rays in M’il Channel at Yap. Tourists also like to go fishing for marlins, tuna, barracuda and sailfishes. It is also an attraction for hikers who stress to visit Pohnpei and Kosrae islands. For leisurely adventure trips, there are numerous tiny lagoons to for canoeing.