Coastal and Marine Resources

Sustainable development in small island developing States depends largely on coastal and marine resources. The lack of an integrated approach to coastal and marine area management has limited the effectiveness of past and present management measures which is increasingly resulting in coastal habitats being degraded through pollution, natural resources being overexploited and growing conflicts between competing resource uses. Development patterns have also had an adverse impact on traditional management systems; an impact in many cases exacerbated by the effects of natural hazards and extreme events, such as hurricanes/cyclones/typhoons, storm surges and abnormally high tides. The basic principles and specific actions that are required at the national, regional and international levels to support sustainable development in small island developing States in the area of coastal and marine resources is outlined in Chapters 4 of the BPoA and MSI.

Thirty eight SIDS are parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), and all have produced at least one National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP), with thirty SIDS are parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. Additionally, thirty seven SIDS are parties to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).