World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD)

26 August 2002 - 4 September 2002

Significance of WSSD

The World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) convened from 26 August to 4 September 2002, in Johannesburg, South Africa, reaffirmed the international community’s commitment to 'full implementation' of Agenda 21, alongside achievement of the Millennium Development Goals and other international agreements. The Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI), adopted at WSSD, sets out new commitments and priorities for action on sustainable development. It is divided in to eleven chapters, each with its own specific focus.



The WSSD reaffirmed the special case of SIDS, dedicating Chapter VII of the JPOI to the sustainable development of SIDS in which it identified a set of priority actions, called for a full and comprehensive review of the BPOA in 2004, and requested the General Assembly at its 57th session to consider convening an international meeting on the sustainable development of SIDS.


New Partnerships

Non-negotiated partnerships for sustainable development, also known as Type II partnerships/initiatives, were also a key outcome of the WSSD. As of April 2011, 59 such partnerships registered with the CSD Secretariat focus on the sustainable development of SIDS. However, few of them are currently active.


Follow-up to WSSD

In a follow-up to WSSD, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution (A/57/262), inter alia, called for a 10-year comprehensive review of the BPoA at a high-level international meeting.

26 August 2002 - 4 September 2002

Relevant Resources

Title Resource File Description
Report of the World Summit on Sustainable Development A/CONF.199/20
Small States and Sustainable Development: Bridging the Gap


The unprecedented change in economic and social development, technology, international policies and the global environment over the last 30 years has posed great challenges for Commonwealth small states. These states1 – made up of Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and small and vulnerable economies (SVEs) – represent a group of countries facing special economic and environmental difficulties in achieving sustainable development.

Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development